Gone are the days when cornrow plugs were used for hair transplant; these days hair transplant doesn’t involve anything that looks unnatural. In our times, hair transplant remains pretty much inexplicable for the prospective patients; that aren’t quite aware of the advent of modern transplant procedures.
FUT (Follicular Unit Transplantation) is a procedure that constitutes highest standard of hair restoration through surgery. Although a few skill set is required for carrying out FUT, it still resembles an easy outpatient procedure. Hair transplant involves consistent effort from a surgical team; all members of this team are highly trained individuals that work together to achieve the best cosmetic result.
Hair transplant surgery is both a science and an art. The primary objective is to yield a result which is entirely natural looking and remains consistent with the supply of hair in a patient, the specific characteristics of his hair and his desired objectives. A fine strip of hair-baring tissue that resists DHT gets plucked from the patient’s scalp sides and back. The total volume of follicular grafts or units that need to spread across your thinning and balding areas will determine the size of strip to be used, as suggested by. Once the donor tissue gets removed, one needs to close the strip removal area by stapling or suturing it. The hair that already exists on the patient’s scalp can fill up the suture line very easily; under most circumstances, this line heals imperceptibly when it is developed in a proper way.
The surgical staff can pretty much use this donor tissue towards development of follicle units by ways of tissue dissection; this task is quite highly skilled and labor intensive. These hair groups (popularly called grafts) are small and occur quite naturally. Every single graft is composed of hairs between one and four in number. The dissection process seeks assistance from the microscopes that are very powerful. Prior to implantation, every surgical aide has to ensure that all of these grafts are fully trimmed and intact. Following dissection, these grafts are place in a holding solution, which is refrigerated to keep them fresh till the end of the dissection process. The team often uses saline as a holding solution. The team members have to be really dedicated attentive while performing this process; they also need to ensure that the end result of such hair transplant is achieved.
The follicular units have to be placed once the recipient sites are arranged by the surgeon. Various skills are required to place the small hair follicles within the scalp; it might take you some ten hours to do the job as per the case size.The recipient sites are properly arranged by an expert hair transplant surgeon while the team prepares the grafts. These recipient sites are where the transplantation of grafts takes place. The experts would use the bevel of small needles (a hypodermic one) or small cut-to-shape blades. In order to ensure a specific density, angulation and depth, these experts have to follow this process very carefully. The hair follicles that are freshly transplanted might develop an unnatural pattern when the recipient sites are arranged in an un-orderly fashion. Upon maturity of the hair transplant, styling the hair poses a tough challenge for the patient. You can’t just deny the skill sets required for this task. For mastering these skills, you’ll need to gather considerable experience, and this one seems a pretty time-consuming process.
Upon completion of the procedure, the patient’s bandage is removed and he is sent home; at times, the facility would even provide him with a baseball cap and a light band to be worn in his head. In order to avoid chances of sever infections, he is provided with antibiotics in the form of a prophylactic. He also has to follow the instructions following the operation. During the following days, the patient has to remain under observation, and in case he experiences discomfort, pain medication is offered.
The patient needs to get back to the facility on the very day after this procedure comes to an end; as a positive step towards following up this operation, he needs to get his head washed with a shampoo. Within a week or so, the patient may start to live a normal life; however, he needs to avoid a long list of strenuous activities like weight lifting for about a month to enhance quality donor healing, following this procedure.
History of Hair Transplantation
By the late 1930s the people of Japan experienced the cultivation of a hair restoration process that was done surgically; the state-of-the-art infrastructures wherein such surgical processes are conducted today owe a lot to the 1930s process. A few burn victims had their scalps grafted with hair and skin for the very first time following a detailed technique that Dr Okuda, the Japanese dermatologist illustrated in 1939. While describing it, he extracted round hair plugs attached with skin with the use of his punch technique; these plugs were actually inserted through these holes created with burned skin. Once the skin was healed, the bald and burned scalps of all victims showed signs of natural hair growth following their hair transplant.
After five years, more refined and considerably smaller grafts were being used for experimentation conducted by another creative Japanese dermatologist known as Dr. Tamura; such grafts eased the process of replacing pubic hair lost with a few women. In order to extract the donor tissue, Dr. Tamura made good use of some elliptical incision. Thereafter, he dissected every single graft. Even today, the doctors use techniques that bear a close resemblance with those used by Dr. Tamura.
New York City based Dr. Normal Orentreich owns the credit for our latest hair transplant inventions. It was in 1952, that he first performed a hair transplant operation upon a man who was losing hair frequently.
The prestigious gold standard was being associated with the present day follicular unit transplantation within the year 2000. The transplant techniques for hair restorations have now achieved a new height of cosmetic surgery. A number of patients suffering fromfollow a genetic pattern; it is a much viable option for them to try out hair transplant surgically. These steps have certainly improved the overall life style of a number of individuals.